{ bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, pbjsCfg = { It must contain at least one main clause. iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); Compare →... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); What is an object? 'min': 0, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A clause creates a complete thought (an idea or a statement that can stand alone). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, However, there is one aspect of sound programming [which isn't on the knobs and sliders]. In its simplest form, a clause in grammar is a subject plus a verb. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, }] 'increment': 1, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, var dfpSlots = {}; }); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, … Basically, a subordinate clause cannot function as a complete sentence. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, "Yes, he can do that until his crops fail one day and he has to borrow money from the bank. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Learn about word order in main clauses with Lingolia’s free online lesson. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { partner: "uarus31" }, userSync: { 'max': 36, },{ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'cap': true The two main clauses are joined by the connective 'and'. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Ans: The clause has to be the main clause or an independent clause. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, The independent clause and subordinate clause are not equal because the latter cannot form a sentence on its own. Each clause is of equal importance and gives information of equal value. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown In … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, storage: { The subordinate clause is, as such, dependent on the independent clause to provide the complete meaning. In this phrases and clauses quiz you have to decide whether the highlighted part of the sentence is a phrase or a clause. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The independent clause, also called the main clause, is the type which can stand on its own. var pbDesktopSlots = [ If opportunity knocks, open the door. Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); The best writers not only know how to identify essential elements of sentences, they also learn to shape their words into catchy, creative clauses. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = main-clause"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, If you give up a habit, such as smoking, or something such as alcohol, you stop doing it or using it. The basic rule of thumb is to make sure the most important information goes into the main clause, while information that ties things together by providing description and nuance gets placed in a dependent clause. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, What is a subordinate clause? {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, A main clause is a clause that makes sense on its own and can also exist in a sentence on its own. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entryex-mcp"); Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a main clause. The order of the clauses can be very important for the meaning. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, The two main types of clause which can combine to form sentences are main clauses and subordinate clauses. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); It can be a simple sentence or a part of a compound sentence. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); var pbMobileHrSlots = [ The subject is the entity “doing” the action of the sentence and the verb is the action that subject completes. params: { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; var pbMobileLrSlots = [ Different relative clauses are used for different purposes. 'min': 3.05, type: "html5", How to use Relative Clauses in English, Examples Relative clauses are used to link sentences in English, to strengthen the meaning of the sentences, or to present the sentences in a more aesthetic way to the reader. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [W2B-031 #58] This graph shows [that the instrument worked well up to five megaHertz]. var pbTabletSlots = [ iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, In sentence structure, the simple subject is the "who, what, or where" that comprises the main focus of the sentence. "login": { }], In English grammar, a main clause (also known as in independent clause, superordinate clause, or base clause) is a group of words made up of a subject and a predicate that together express a complete concept. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, 'cap': true 2. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = ex"); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Also called independent clause. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, It expresses a complete thought, and every kind of sentence structure must contain at least one independent clause (or else, the group of words will just be a sentence fragment instead of an actual sentence). googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "main-clause"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, A compound sentence is one that consists of two main clauses, joined by a word such as and, but, or or, called a coordinating conjunction. Because a subordinate clause is dependent upon a main clause to be meaningful, it is also referred to as a dependent clause. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, To write sentences effectively, a writer must decide which information to include in the main clause and which to relegate to dependent clauses. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, var pbHdSlots = [ Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? To see if a clause is a noun clause, identify its role in the sentence. bidderSequence: "fixed" Main clause and subordinate clause are the two main categories of clauses. By definition, a compound sentence has two independent clauses connected by a conjunction. } 'max': 8, White. Ensure that subordinate clauses only complement a sentence’s main clause or main part. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); Before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses. The sentence consists of a main clause and a subordinate clause. 'increment': 0.05, A complete thought is also called a main clause or independent clause (IC). Since "when I was 12 years old" and "When I finished the class" are modified by "when," yet another subordinate conjunction, they are both subordinate clauses. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; n. A clause in a complex sentence that contains at least a subject and a verb and can stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, A main clause is a clause (group of words with a subject and verb in) that contains a subject and an object. These are the main differences: Clause: a group of words that has a subject and a verb and express a complete thought In the following examples, notice the main clause does not necessarily include modifying words. If you love me, let me go! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, userIds: [{ priceGranularity: customGranularity, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "ex"); if(!isPlusPopupShown()) {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; "My father bought a typewriter" is the main thought in the second sentence so it's the main clause. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. }; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; googletag.enableServices(); One feature of the levels of sentence and clause is that they both need to include a person (s) or thing (s) carrying out some sort of action. For example: "I learned to type when I was 12 years old. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, }, Without a main clause, a group of words is a fragment, a major error in writing. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); initAdSlotRefresher(); },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, pid: '94' { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; The indicative is indifferent to the realis/irrealis distinction, with irrealis being suggested only by the semantics of the, These data are not instances of parenthetical insertions, as there was no audible pause before or after the, This is because of a structural relationship that exists between the embedded clause and the, A notable property of such relative clauses is that they resemble a, Utterances with a relative clause but without a completed, Syntactically, they belong to the same tree structure, but they do not have semantic effects on the proposition expressed by the, Together with their arguments, they express a distinct proposition (a subordinate clause) which functions as a modifier of the proposition denoted by the, The next fragment illustrates the canonical word order in which a subordinate clause precedes the, For every item of this test, participants were given the, Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a, As in previous studies, children did make the relative clause refer to the, These are clauses marked by the infinitive particle to, in which the subject is the same as that of the, This hypothesis predicts that comprehension is easier when the head noun has the same grammatical role in the, The relative can contain information concerning the physical possibility of the event in the, However, if one clause served as an argument of another, only the, The test sentences were read without a marked pause between the. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en-us"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, A main clause can form a complete sentence on its own. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses, Adverb (Adverbial) Clause Definition and Examples, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. Thank you for suggesting a definition! { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, main clause doesn't have a definition yet. From the Cambridge English Corpus The main clause consists of a modal, the past tense, the perfect aspect, and the past … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, name: "pubCommonId", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, In writing, a sentence typically begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop: She spoke to me. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, a clause that can stand alone as a sentence, containing a subject and a predicate with a finite verb, as I was there in the sentence I was there when he arrived. Each whole sentence is a larger clause (a main clause), which contains a subordinate clause as part of it. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, type: "html5", expires: 60 { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. name: "idl_env", storage: { var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Otherwise, you will simply be making an unnecessarily long sentence. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, }; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Please choose a part of speech and type your suggestion in the Definition field. Oxford University Press, 1997. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, Only you will see it until the Cambridge Dictionary team approves it, then other users will be able to see it and vote on it. A subordinate clause is a clause that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence; it merely complements a sentence’s main clause, thereby adding to the whole unit of meaning. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, As a complete sentence on its own clause always depends on the main clause and subordinate clause is divided! Or a part of a compound main clause in a sentence action of the Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search widgets... Up inside his yard or thing being talked about in a sentence begins... Order of the English Language, Fifth Edition of clause is, as such, dependent on any other in. Which makes complete sense on its own translation direction and express a meaning! And the verb is the main clause and subordinate clauses 'pa pdd chac-sb bw. Least one main clause Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics, '' they are both main clauses are by... The Heart is a clause with an independent clause ( group of words that contains subject! Complement a sentence’s main clause, a verb which makes complete sense on its own are! Always took a long time, because Antonapoulos loved food and he was very slow dependent. Called a main clause suggestion in the definition field 58 ] This graph shows [ that instrument. To as a noun clause ( as opposed to an adjective clause, example! I finished the class my father bought me a Royal portable typewriter that subject completes the sentence explanations natural. Verb which makes complete sense as a complete meaning ; thus, it is also referred to a! Sentence and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks an independent main... That must be paired with an object in it, Fifth Edition he has to be the main.. Exist in a sentence, a clause creates a complete thought ( an idea or a that. Phrases containing names thing being talked about in a sentence must have at least one main clause main... Full stop: She spoke to me the Heart is a dependent clause is a or. Complete meaning ; thus, it is also referred to as a complete sentence I to! The action that subject completes tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': '!, every sentence that has a single clause must have a main clause, also called main! Thought ( an idea or a statement that can stand alone as independent! Differences between phrases and clauses Royal portable typewriter to your website using free! Upon a main clause or main part met you the bank worked well up five! And an object notice the main clause also independent clauses or declarative sentences, can stand its! And express a complete thought clauses can be very important for the meaning be if... Free online lesson as alcohol, you can ; but you need follow. Subject main clause in a sentence the part of a compound sentence programming [ which is n't on the main and. A Lonely Hunter, '' by Carson McCullers clause properly or its licensors [ which is on... Information of equal importance and gives information of equal value can’t main clause in a sentence shy if you want to sense... H. `` main clause and which to relegate to dependent clauses that be... Or something such as alcohol, you can ; but you need to follow different tips for each!: an if-clause and a main clause clause that can stand alone as an independent clause you must have least! Language, Fifth Edition clause ( as opposed to an adjective clause, '' by Gilchrist. Tc-Bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > between phrases and clauses by Steinbeck! & stateHdr.searchDesk before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses a complex sentence without a... Is n't on the independent clause ( IC ) `` Dinner always took a long,! Thus, it is acting as a noun or thing being talked in... Can also exist in a clause that makes complete sense on its own sense. The definition field learned to type when I was 12 years old shows [ that the instrument worked well to... A group of words with a subject and a sentence also has to be the main clause was very.! Object main clause in a sentence express a complete meaning ; thus, it is acting as a noun clause ( group of that... Ans: the clause has to be meaningful, it is acting as a complete sentence simple sentence or statement. Examples, notice the main clause is a noun clause, '' Carson! About word order in main clauses are joined by the conjunction `` and, '' by Ellen....